Cholelithiasis or Gall Stones

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Definition:- Gallstones are made from cholesterol and other things found in the bile. They can be smaller than a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball  and may result in cholangitis, obstructive jaundice, and pancreatitis. 


  • In most cases, cholelithiasis is caused by excessive amounts of cholesterol in the bile that is stored in the gallbladder. 
  • The cholesterol hardens to form stone-like substances. Increased body weight and older age are associated with increased levels of cholesterol in the bile. Thus, gallstones are more likely to occur in women, in people who are obese, and in older individuals.
  • Some gallstones develop because the bile contains too much bilirubin, a waste product of the liver that is a component of bile. Gallstones  that develop from excess bilirubin are called pigment stones.

Risk Factors:
  1. Females are more prone to gall stones.
  2. Obesity or quick weight loss.
  3. Crash diet 
  4. Family history
  5. Diabetes
  6. Age over 40 years
  7. Pregnancy (decreases the gallbladder’s ability to empty bile)
  8. Liver Diseases
  9. Use of certain medications( cholesterol lowering medicines increases cholesterol in bile)
Signs & Symptoms:-
  1. mild pain in the pit of stomach  or in the upper right part of belly. 
  2. Pain may spread to right upper back or shoulder blade area. 
  3. Abdominal swelling, distension or bloating
  4. Sometimes the pain is more severe. It may be steady, or it may come and go. Or it may get worse when you eat.
  5. When gallstones keep blocking a bile duct there may have pain with fever and chills.
  6. Skin or white of eyes may turn yellow.
  7. Clay-colored stools
  8. Loss of appetite
  9. Nausea with or without vomiting

  •   ultra sonography
  •  CT
  • MRI


  1. Medications are available to dissolve the stones in case if patient can't undergo surgery.
  2. Choleycystectomy i.e removal of gall bladder. Once gall bladder is removed bile flows directly from liver to small intestine
  3. Homoeopathic medicines have excellent results for all kind of stones if the case is taken on symptom similarity.  


About Tejendra Rana:
A Computer Network Engineer with more than a decade experience, living in Navi Mumbai, India. Loves using Computers for day to day tasks as well as for professional purposes. The main motive of this blog is to share my vast knowledge about Computers to help all of you use and enjoy them at their best potential as well as learn from you too. So keep checking, learning and sharing at my blog!


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